Monthly Archives: March 2017

Architectural Ironmongery Work

The art of architectural ironmongery is timeless; as it has been utilized since hundreds of years ago. The simplest ironmongery product like a door-hinge has been used even centuries before to guard heavy doors and is used even today in modern architecture. Each metal work in any building is called ironmongery.

Ironmongery is a term used to describe products that are made from iron, or products with fittings made of iron, for use in construction. Other words used for ironmongery are architectural metal work or architectural ironmongery. A variety of building structures such as homes, hotels, etc. use them during different phases of construction. However, it is mostly used in handles, banisters and railings.

A house or a building is built in various stages. The architects are consulted to make purchases for different areas in a building or a house. A building formation starts from laying the foundation of the building followed by erecting the walls and making the roof. The art of ironmongery takes place after the completion of initial building work.

Architectural ironmongery can be roughly divided into three types; Pre-Pack Hardware, Iron Window Hardware and Iron Door Hardware. These three categories include: latches, door bolts, bow handle bolts, Breton bolts, tower bolts and door bolts, Suffolk latches, swivel locking bars, turn buttons, wire hasps and staples, tee hinges, etc.

After a building is erected, the purchase of ironmongery products takes place. The installation of the ironmongery products takes place post the completion of the structure of the building. The ironmongery products includes door handles and knobs, hinges, cabinet fittings, and door locks, which are collectively or individually used in banisters, railings, doors and windows.

All ironmongery products are fundamentally reliable and durable, yet care needs to be taken while choosing the supplier. The help from ironmongers can be taken from online and local ironmongery stores. Many different ironmongery products are available, both in modern and traditional styles. It blends in well with every look, be it antique, ultra modern or contemporary. The elegant, classy or modern look of the building determines the type of the ironmongery used. Try and opt for the one that appropriately goes with your desired look and impression.

Ironmongery works provide expediency to life. The importance of ironmongery can be gauged from the fact that the metal work of any building is usually the first thing that catches your eye and makes a lasting impression. They are also important for security and safety purposes of any building. In addition they add to the overall value and the look of the building.

So, incorporating ironmongery in any building has become the need of the day. It may be slightly expensive but it is compensated by the fact that it is long lasting. Invest in ironmongery wisely because it is bound to stay with you for a while with its intrinsic long lasting characteristics.

10 Reasons Why Sound Insulation is So Important

If you've ever been involved in a building project, or refurbished your home, then perhaps you know exactly why sound insulation is so important, and why it is fundamental to the design and construction of your project. If you're not aware of why it's so important, then here's what you need to know.

1. Land to build houses on is hard to come by, and so houses are closer together, and so people are living closer together, which means that noise from one house can easily be heard or felt in another house, even if the noise isn 't especially loud.

2. Sound insulation affects both new building projects and refurbishments, so if you're involved in property construction, or want to make the most of your house, then you'll need to make sure that you take into account the fact that you ' ll need to be aware of noise levels.

3. The UK Building Regulations specify how much noise is allowed, and what sort of acoustic flooring and other sound insulation products are available and suitable for your project.

4. Because noise is seen as a Health and Safety issue, it's important that people are not subjected to excessive noise. Residents have a right to be able to relax during the evening and at weekend, without having to listen to the noise from their neighbours.

5. You might already have some idea as to what sound insulation products you need, or what sort of sound control you want. If you're building an office block, or a hospital, then your needs will differ from somebody who wants to lessen the effects of drum or trumpet practice in their home.

6. If you know you need to reduce the noise in your home, then you'll need to make sure you get the right products for your build. You'll need to make sure that the acoustic insulation you use on your project meets the relevant UK Building Regulations,

7. Airborne sound is the sound of music or conversation, and because walls seem to be very thin in new builds, it is often possible to hear conversations and music in neighbouring rooms and houses, even though the music or conversation might not be classed as very loud.

8. Impact sound is the sound of something hitting something else, rather than music or conversation. Playing drums, footsteps on stairs or a washing machine vibrating on an uneven floor are examples of impact sound.

9. Flanking transmission is the path that sound takes, and explains how music or other noises can be heard elsewhere in the building. If you're building a hotel or want to install a home cinema system than you'll want to reduce the amount of noise that travels.

10. Unless you are experienced in sound reduction and acoustic flooring, it's probably a good idea to get your sound insulation fitted professionally, so that you know it has been done correctly, and that it will be effective and meet the relevant standards, and will pass any inspections.

Now you know more about why sound control is so important, perhaps now is the time for you to think more about sound insulation in your home.

What Is Social Media Marketing?

Social media marketing is a completely new, but vital part of online marketing that has taken off in the last few years. A brief definition of it is the process of increasing traffic to your site or gaining attention online though social media sites.

What are social media sites?

These types of sites are ones that rely on human interaction to work, such as Facebook, Twitter and YouTube. They all require social actions that differ in the way they work such as Twitter gives you 140 characters max to say something or through a video or picture, whereas Facebook also you unlimited characters and the chance to add many photos at a time, join events or share updates.

What is social media important?

Social media marketing is very important to enhance and support search engine optimisation (SEO) efforts as once a page of a site or a link is found by social media users, it can then go 'viral' pointing many links back to the website which in turn is seen as a sign of popularity to the search genies and giving a boost in rankings to the said site.

Taking a look at the big three, as mentioned above Facebook, Twitter and YouTube we can have a look how each of these social media sites helps your marketing efforts.

Using Facebook is probably the easiest and most common social media site that people have heard of. Although Twitter has millions of users, many people only use Twitter to follow celebrities or directly for their business. The average Joe will not always be found on Twitter, whereas with Facebook as it's all about you, then a lot of people use it.

Both small and large businesses rely on Facebook to help promote offers they have at the time, as well as using it to post photos and videos. It's also a great was to get people to interact as users can share updates from businesses, meaning that social media marketing is made all that much easier.

Having a page of Facebook is the way to go for businesses and encouraging people to like it through incentives such as competitions and prizes means that people are willing to tell others about your page, and then subsequently about your business.

Twitter as mentioned above is not as all consuming as Facebook because of the type of people using it, but if you are using Twitter to interact and make relationships and network then it is even more effective than Twitter. This is because people do not have to trawl through a page to see what you are about. What you say and do is limited to the 140 characters so you have to be clear and concise in your actions and words, therefore making it easier to impress people (or annoy them!)

Twitter takes some hard work where social media marketing is concerned as you have to build up a flowing before you can even start to influence flowers and getting that following is the start of the battle. People will not want to follow you if you constantly tweet promotional tweets or are always retweeting others messages. You have to make sure you are worthy of following and that what you say will engage people.

Once you have achieved this, then you rinse and repeat and keep writing what you have been writing that attracted your followers on the first place. Your message and business can then be spread across Twitter giving you invaluable links.

YouTube is also so commonly known that, like Twitter, you have to be very focused to successful use it in your social media marketing campaign. YouTube works more for educational websites and those selling things that could benefit from demonstrations. Using the right tags and descriptions also adds to the campaign so people can find your videos using the tags.

The videos have to be well made, and if you take the time to compile theses videos and people like what they see, it can take a matter of hours for your videos to go viral, again giving you national and even international exposure!

Insulating a Slipform Stone House

There can be no question that insulation should be of primary importance when considering new house construction. Slipform stone houses are no exception to this rule. Helen and Scott Nearing, early proponents of this stone building technique, claimed that their New England homes were comfortable year-round without much thought given to insulation – indeed, their first slipform home was built right into a Vermont cliff-face, and made use of bare ledge as one wall. While the thermal mass of the earth itself surely served to maintain house temperatures above freezing, by modern standards, there can be no doubt that this uninsulated stone house would make for a chilly winter. Insulation is key to efficiency, and there are a number of ways to insulate a slipform stone structure.

Stud Wall and fiberglass batting

One common approach to the question of insulation in stone and concrete structures is the construction of a standard framed stud wall against the interior wall. This framed wall is then insulated in the traditional manner, using fiberglass batting insulation between the studs. While this approach works fine, and brings the comfort of familiarity to many builders, the construction of the stud wall is wasteful, and the studs themselves present the opportunity for thermal bridging, significantly reducing the overall insulation of the house.

Rigid Insulation

Rigid insulation offers a number of opportunities when it comes to insulating slipform stone homes. Rigid insulation, correctly installed, allows for no thermal bridging and creates a tight envelope inside the house. There are a number of techniques for building this type of insulation right into the walls themselves, either by laying the insulation inside the forms as you build, or replacing the interior forms entirely with nailbase – rigid insulation mated with OSB, plywood, or even sheetrock on one side.

Adding rigid insulation after the walls are standing can present a challenge to the typical owner / builder. The biggest hurdle here is figuring out how to secure the insulation to the stone / concrete wall. One of the best ways to do this is using furring strips – narrow boards attached to the wall, into which screws can be driven. A powder-actuated nail gun, or ramset can be used to attach the furring strips to the wall. Another approach is to embed the furring strips into the concrete itself as you build the walls. The downside to this approach is that the furring strips will degrade and rot away over the decades, leaving gaps in the wall and weakening the overall structure. Fully removing the furring strips and replacing them could be a challenge.

Spray-on Insulation

This nifty product could be used to spray a seamless layer of insulating foam directly onto the interior of the slipform wall. The insulation would then be cut, sanded, or squashed flat before a finish layer of sheetrock is applied. Both of the above approaches present difficulties when it comes to hanging anything on the walls, as there are no interior studs for screwing or nailing into. Strategically placed furring strips could be used for this purpose.

There are any number of other conventional and unconventional approaches that you might pursue in insulating your slipform stone masonry structure, but these three options are both simple to implement and proven in many homes over a number of years. Whatever you decide, it's very important to ensure that your slipform stone house is snug and well insulated.

Emotional Abuse – Living With Resentment and Anger

It's not breaking the eggs that does the lasting harm; it's the continual walking eggshells. Emotional damage has a way of lingering in the times between resentful, angry, or abusive flare-ups. The empty, dull ache of unhappiness is most accurately measured in the accumulative effect of these small moments of disconnection, isolation, and dread. Take the

The following quiz reveals what it feels like to walk on eggshells day after day. Read it aloud – the objectivity in hearing your own voice say the words – especially your answers -is the first step toward healing.

If you live with a resentful, angry, or abusive partner, you probably have a vague feeling, at least now and then, that you have lost yourself. In your constant efforts to tiptoe around someone else's moods in the hope of avoiding blow-ups, put-downs, criticism, sighs of disapproval, or cold shoulders, you constantly edit what you say. You second-guess your own judgment, your own ideas, and your own preferences about how to live. You begin to question what you think is right and wrong. Ultimately, your perceptions of reality and your very sense of self change for the worse.

The cold fact is that it's hard not to lose yourself in the morass of what you should say or what you need to do (to keep things peaceful) and how you're supposed to be at any given moment. If you have to be one thing one minute and behave a different way in another (depending on your partner's moods), your confidence and sense of self can seem to disappear. You begin to feel that you can not reclaim yourself or begin to feel better until he changes and starts treating you better.

The understandable but tragic expectation that you are dependent on him for your emotional well being is the first thing you must change. You must heal and grow, whether or not he changes. Although our inborn sense of fairness and justice tells you that he ought to be the one to make changes, your pain tells you that you need to become the fully alive person you are meant to be. This means that you have to remove the focus from him and put it squarely on you. Happily, that is also the best thing you can do the help him and your relationship. This book will help you reclaim your true sense of self. That is its primary goal. But it will also help change your relationship.

All the tools you need to heal are in these pages. All the tools that he needs to replace resentment, anger, or abusive behavior with compassion are also in these pages. The first part of the book is about reintegrating your deepest values ‚Äč‚Äčinto your everyday sense of self. This will make you feel more valuable, confident, and powerful, regardless of what your partner – or anyone else – says or does. As you read these pages and reconnect to your deepest values, you will naturally, forcefully, and compassionately demand value and respect from your partner. Your compassionate demand for change is likely to be the only thing that will motivate him to once again be the man you married. But whether or not he changes, you must connect with your enormous inner value, resources, and personal power to stop walking on eggshells and to emerge as the richly creative, beautiful whole person you truly are.

The Worst Things

One of the worst things that can happen to your health and happiness is to live with a resentful, angry, or abusive partner. The worst thing you can do to your soul is become a resentful, angry, or abusive partner. And the worst thing you can develop in a love relationship is an identity as a victim, which destroys your personal power and solid sense of self. The cry I hear over and over again from women who walk on eggshells is, "I do not like the resentful, angry person he's made me."

To stop walking on eggshells, you must overcome abusiveness and victim-identity. Your emphasis must be on healing, growth, and empowerment. The true issue at stake is your core value – the most important things about you as a person – not his behavior or your reaction to it. As you reinforce and reconnect with your core value, you are far less likely to be a victim. As you experience the enormous depth of your core value, the last thing you will want to do is identify with being a victim, ie with "damage" or with bad things that have happened to you. In your core value you will identify with your inherent strengths, talents, skills, and power as a unique, ever-growing, competent, and compassionate person. You want to outgrow walking on eggshells, not simply survive it, and you do that only by realizing your fullest value as a person.

You Both Walk on Eggshells

If you feel that you are walking on eggshells, you probably do not realize that your partner is, too, though in a different way. He is so reactive to you and so unable to regulate his reactions that he constantly expects you to say or do something that will "push his buttons" and "make" him withdraw or attack. He feels that you are totally in control of his emotions, and all he can do is pout or shout like a defiant child. He feels that you control him.

The Pendulum of Pain

Please do not make the mistake of thinking that you can heal yourself simply by getting in touch with your understandable resentment and anger and leaving your relationship. Most of the women who leave (or nearly leave) out of resentment and anger end up returning out of guilt, shame, and anxiety, when they see how lost their husbands seem without them. They enjoy a brief honeymoon period following the reunion, until the tension returns and the resentment and anger get overwhelming. So they leave again (or withdraw emotionally from their husbands), only to face renewed guilt, shame, and abandonment anxiety, once the resentment and anger subside. Sometimes economic considerations drive women to return to these relationships, but they are not the most compelling factor. Research shows that women with means return to walking-on-eggshells relationships as often as women who are financially dependent. My own mother, like many of my clients, was the sole support of our family, yet she returned to my unemployed, resentful, angry, and abusive father 13 times in my first 11 years of life.

This pattern of leaving (or nearly leaving) out of anger and resentment, only to return out of guilt, shame, and anxiety is a hallmark of walking on eggshells. I call it a pendulum of pain. It has nothing to do with your "indecisiveness" or your personality. It follows from the strengths of your emotions, from your attachment to your husband, which we'll explore more in the next chapter. Resentment and anger at loved ones always resolve into guilt, shame, and abandonment anxiety. These painful, completely irrational emotions keep you attached to your husband no matter how bad the relationship is – these emotions developed in our brains at a time when to leave the tribe meant certain death on your own, by starvation or saber tooth tiger.

As long as you love someone, the only way to keep resentment and anger from turning to guilt, shame, and anxiety is to stay resentful and angry all the time. It might be safer if you did stay resentful and angry all the time, but that is probably not your nature. When your resentment subsides and your anger is exhausted, the pain of seeing someone you love in distress can become overwhelming and make you return to your now-remorseful, if not helpless, partner. However, if he does not learn to regulate his resentment, anger, or abusive behavior with compassion for himself and for you, the pendulum will swing back and forth, again and again.

How Does the Media Influence the Economy?

Does the media have any influence on the economy? The media has influence, good or bad, on the economy. I am not stating that it is the only thing driving the forces of the economy, but if you think about all of the bad news that has been out about how little people are spending, layoffs, a downed economy, and other variables; it does have some influence on what people do.

When the news coverage talks about how bad an economy is doing, it can help to drive fear into the lives of people and force people to spend less in an economy. That fear can also trigger businesses to slow down on spending, which can also have an effect on other businesses. Have you ever watched the news and heard stories about various crimes that may have happened and felt like crime is rising in your area? You see, businesses rely on other businesses to make money as well. Doctors use other doctors to get referrals and businesses do the same with other businesses. Here is one example. A slow economy means that fewer homes are built due to slower sales. This would also mean less lumber, flooring, tile, paint, sinks, bath tubs, dry wall, light sockets … and the list goes on for the supplies being used to make homes. And the products are made by more than one manufacturer. This also would mean less sales people and workers would be needed for all of these industries.

You should ask yourself how do you feel about things after hearing about it on the news? Do you think good or bad depending on how the topic is covered? And does it affect or influence your decisions about buying a particular product? Automobile recalls can help to decrease the confidence of consumers to buy a particular automobile. Even though the recall could be on one model, people may stay away from the brand if it is publicized repeatedly in the media. Post why? People may be conditioned to think that the product, or products, that the manufacturer makes are unsafe.

The good news is that in this economy, all businesses are not suffering. The news that most people hear is only about companies that are laying off workers or companies that are completely going out of business. But why do we not hear about all of the other companies that are doing well, increasing margins, increasing profits, and expanding in this economy? It is probably because bad news sells faster than good news. People are sometimes more interested in bad or tragic news verses being more interested in good and prosperous news. If you think about any changes that you have made in your life during the recession and how you are spending more or less money. This is also a contributing factor that a lot of people have been doing as well.

You can look at discount stores and know that they are drawing in more people than normal during the recession. Post why? The reason is that people are looking to save more and keep more money in their pocket. When this happens, people tend to go to other resources that are available to get some of the same things that they are used to getting. You can also look at the stock markets. They tend to fluctuate when instant media coverage of financial cuts for the government of businesses are announced. This happens in real-time since the information is available everywhere online, television, cell phones, and radio. Have you been affected by the news that you hear or watch? The media can be a power influence on us all. I am not saying that it is a bad thing, but it does have some influence on what we do and how we think.

The History and the Uses of Jet Fuel

Over the past centuries, aviation has become one of the most developed inventions. Aviation had also become one of the most important forms of transport. Without aviation, we would not be able to travel across the globe for a short period. We would still rely on ships to travel, which is time-consuming and not efficient. However, the development of the aviation industries also leads to the elaboration of a new type of fuel. This new kind of fuel was focused mainly on air transport, and it is another vital item to all planes. All aircraft use a type of fuel known as jet fuel or aviation fuel. Without aviation grade fuel, planes would have no source of fuel to power the powerful jet turbine engine that would generate lift and other electrical power for the aircraft.

As plane engines get more complicated, they would require more sophisticated types of fuel to power the engines more efficiently. Common gasoline was not ideal for planes. At the dawn of aviation, most planes have a small, simple engine that powered automobiles. However, simple gasoline was not the best fuel for the powerful engines used by piston-driven airplanes that were developed in the 1930s and 1940s. Simple gasoline was not as efficient, and it did not have a high-octane rating. All types of fuel have a benchmark rating. The benchmark was its level of octane. The higher the amounts of octane allow a powerful piston engine to burn its fuel efficiently. During, the Jet age, the newly invented jet engine does not require a type of fuel that vaporized as easy as before. Instead of using old gasoline, they turn to a mixture of Kerosene and Gasoline. This first type of jet fuel was known as JP-1. Later on, there was a newly developed JP-8, they used this one type of fuel because it had a higher combustion rate and was less carcinogenic. All jet fuels only have a requirement that all types of aviation fuels would not ignite at low temperature, to prevent any fire accidents.

In the commercial plane businesses, they use jet a fuel. Jet a grade fuel is pure kerosene, and it has a flash-point of 49 degrees centigrade. Jet a fuel is a high-quality fuel. If jet a fails the purity and other quality tests for use on jet aircraft, it is sold to ground-based users that have less demanding requirements. Commercial jet fuel as well as military jet fuel often includes anti-freeze to prevent ice buildup inside the fuel tanks. Having ice build up in fuel tanks is one of the last things a pilot could wish for during their flight. In today's market, jet fuel cost around 0.95 cents per gallon. Jet fuel is cheaper than petrol as it is pure kerosene and commercial airlines buy them in bulk, making the price cheaper. Before jet fuel can become usable kerosene has to be extracted from crude oil and purify so it will burn cleanly in jet engines. After extraction is completed, the chemist must figure out the blend of kerosene and gasoline to make the fuel as efficient as possible, and keeps the engine from unnecessary misfires.

In conclusion, the introduction of Jet fuel changed the face of the aviation industries. Without aviation grade, fuel air fares would cost more because they would have to use petrol to run the engines. The uses of jet fuel are also more efficient for planes as they were designed for the job.